The role of the Council of Botanic Gardens of Russia in the conservation of the national flora

Tsitsin Main Botanical Garden RAS, Borok, Russia

There are 100 botanic gardens in Russia and their work on the conservation of flora is coordinated by the Council of Botanic Gardens of Russia (CBGR). “Russian Botanic Gardens Conservation Strategy” and “Methodical recommendations on reintroduction of plants” were prepared and published. An inventory of rare plant species conserved ex situ was made in 2003-2005 and in 2008-2009. About a third of Russian flora and 64 % of Red Data Book species are kept in living collections and meristem banks of Botanical Gardens. Thirty four species classified in category 1 (E) are cultivated, making 48 % from the general number of species of this category. Another 20 species are represented in collections of three and more botanic gardens (i.e. they have sufficient numbers in cultivation to provide an insurance for the future). A comparative analysis of two databases developed by the CBGR in 1988 and in 2008 was carried out. Results of the analysis show that for the period between 1988 and 2008 there has been an increase in the number of the botanic gardens in Russia maintaining collections of rare species, as well as a marked increase in the overall number of conserved species and samples. A report on Plants of Russian Red Data Book in collections of Botanic Gardens and Arboreta was published. Different projects on reintroduction of rare species are being carried out. Russian Botanicl Gardens contributed significantly to achieving the aims of Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. They took an active part in study of regional floras (“Flora of East Europe”, “Flora of Siberia”, “Check list of Siberian flora”, “Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East”), identification of the key botanical areas, and preparation of a new “Red Data Book of Russia”. Specialists of Botanical Gardens conceived and prepared for publication a range of regional Red Data Books of: the Altai Republic, Altai Krai, Murmansk, Moscow, Tver, Rostov, Volgograd, Sakhalin and other territories. Methods of ex situ conservation of rare species were improved; education programs in the field of conservation of biodiversity of plants were developed.

© 2012 Organizing Committee