Botanica Pacifica

Research paper

Botanica Pacifica. A journal of plant science and conservation 2024. Preprint
Article first published online: 21 JAN 2024 | DOI: 10.17581/bp.2024.13108

Spatiotemporal dynamics of Pinus densiflora in the south of the Russian Far East during the Late Pleistocene and the Holocene by pollen records

Pavel S. Belyanin 1 ORCID & Nina I. Belyanina ORCID

1 The Pacific Institute of Geography FEB RAS, Vladivostok, Russia
deceased


The aim of the present work is to reconstruct the distribution of Pinus densiflora Siebold & Zucc. in the south of the Russian Far East (SRFE) during the Late Pleistocene (MIS 2) and the Holocene based by pollen records and chronological data. We found that P. densiflora did not grow in SRFE under cold and dry climate of the MIS 2. Warming in the Early Holocene caused the expansion of P. densiflora to the region. Under maximum warming during the Middle Holocene, P. densiflora range reached the Central Subregion of the SRFE. The cooling at the beginning of the Late Holocene caused the decrease of P. densiflora distribution in the SRFE. Under subsequent warming during the second half of the Late Holocene, Pinus densiflora has taken again a dominant position in the Southern and the Central subregions in the SRFE. During the last two centuries, P. densiflora range in the region began to degrade, due to the anthropogenic influence.

Белянин П.С., Белянина Н.И. Пространственно-временная динамика Pinus densiflora на юге Дальнего Востока России с позднего плейстоцена по пыльцевым летописям. Целью настоящей работы является реконструировать распространение Pinus densiflora Siebold & Zucc. на юге Дальнего Востока России в позднем плейстоцене (МИС 2) и голоцене на основе пыльцевых летописей и хронологических данных. Анализ таксономической структуры пыльцевых летописей показал, что P. densiflora не произрастала на юге Дальнего Востока России в условиях холодного и сухого климата МИС 2. Потепление в раннем голоцене вызвало миграцию P. densiflora на юг Дальнего Востока России. При максимальном потеплении в среднем голоцене ареал P. densiflora достиг Центральной области юга Дальнего Востока России. Похолодание в начале позднего голоцена привело к сокращению распространения P. densiflora в регионе. При последующем потеплении во второй половине позднего голоцена P. densiflora вновь заняла господствующее положение в Южной и Центральной областях юга Дальнего Востока России. В течение последних двух столетий ареал P. densiflora в регионе начал деградировать из-за антропогенного воздействия.

Keywords: Pinus densiflora, spore-pollen analysis, radiocarbon dating, of the south of the Russian Far East, climatic changes, Late Pleistocene, Holocene, спорово-пыльцевой анализ, радиоуглеродное датирование, юг Дальнего Востока России, климатические изменения, поздний плейстоцен, голоцен

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