Botanica Pacifica

Biodiversity studies

Botanica Pacifica. A journal of plant science and conservation 2023. Preprint
Article first published online: 20 MAR 2023 | DOI: 10.17581/bp.2023.12112

Isolation and identification fungal endophytes from the leaves and fruits of two therapeutically important Ficus species

Nushiba Naser P.T. ORCID & John E Thoppil ORCID

Department of Botany, University of Calicut, Kerala, India

The constant demand for new biochemicals to advance human life necessitates the study of organisms from novel biotopes. The scientific community is paying more attention to endophytes, one of the inhabitants of novel biotopes, as they have already gained recognition for their production of numerous novel biochemicals and for their enormous potential to contribute to the development of effective solutions to the world's most pressing problems. The aim of the current study is to discover, compare, and isolate the endophytic community of Ficus exasperata Vahl. and Ficus drupacea Thunb. The presence of endophytes was discovered in the leaves and fruits of both plant species. A greater number of organisms were found in the leaves, while only a few were found in the fruits. All of the isolates were from the Ascomycota and Basidiomycota divisions. The majority of the isolates belonged to the Ascomycota division, with only a few belongings to the Basidiomycota division.

Нушиба Насер П.Т., Топпил Дж.Э. Изоляция и идентификация грибковых эндофитов из листьев и плодов двух терапевтически важных видов Ficus. Постоянный спрос на новые биохимические препараты для улучшения жизни человека обуславливает необходимость изучения организмов из новых биотопов. Все большее внимания уделяется эндофитам, обитателей новых биотопов, поскольку уже доказана выработка ими многочисленных новых биохимических веществ и установлен их огромный потенциал, способствующий разработке эффективных решений наиболее актуальных проблем поиска новых лекарств. Целью настоящего исследования является обнаружение, сравнение и выделение эндофитного сообщества Ficus exasperata Vahl. и Ficus drupacea Thunb. Присутствие эндофитов было обнаружено в листьях и плодах обоих видов растений. В листьях было обнаружено большее число организмов, в то время как в плодах лишь несколько. Все изоляты принадлежали к отделам Ascomycota и Basidiomycota. Большинство изолятов относилось к отделу Ascomycota, и только несколько – к отделу Basidiomycota.

Keywords: endophyte, isolation, Ficus, fungal endophytes, identification, эндофит, изоляция, фикус, грибковые эндофиты, идентификация



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