Botanica Pacifica

Research paper

Botanica Pacifica. A journal of plant science and conservation 2013. 2(1):27-34.
Article first published online: 30 APR 2013 | DOI: 10.17581/bp.2013.02103

Mid-Holocene Vegetation and Environments on the Northeastern Coast of the Korean Peninsula

Tatiana A. Evstigneeva *, Natalia N. Naryshkina
Institute of Biology & Soil Science FEB RAS, Vladivostok 690022 Russia

The pollen and spores from sediments of the core recovered from the shelf zone of the East Korea Bay, Eastern Sea (Sea of Japan) were studied. The vegetation of the northeastern coast of the Korean Peninsula was reconstructed based on pollen records. The most favorable conditions existed in mid-Holocene for the development of oak broadleaved forests. Fossil pollen grains of Quercus L. were studied with application of scanning electron microscope. Six types of fossil pollen grains were revealed: four types of them were assigned to deciduous oaks and two types to evergreen oaks. The deciduous oaks Q. dentata, Q. mongolica, and Q. serrata took significant part in vegetative associations of coast in mid-Holocene time.

Евстигнеева Т.А., Нарышкина Н.Н. Растительность и климатические условия северо-восточного побережья Корейского полуострова в среднем голоцене. Изучены пыльца и споры из отложений колонки, отобранной в шельфовой зоне Восточно-Корейского залива (Японское море). Реконструирована растительность северо-восточного побережья Корейского полуострова. В среднем голоцене существовали самые благоприятные условия для развития дубовых широколиственных лесов. С помощью сканирующего электронного микроскопа изучены ископаемые пыльцевые зерна Quercus. Выделены шесть типов ископаемых пыльцевых зерен: из них четыре типа относятся к листопадным дубам и два типа – к вечнозеленым. Листопадные дубы Q. mongolica, Q. dentata и Q. serrata принимали значительное участие в растительных ассоциациях побережья в среднеголоценовое время.

Keywords: pollen, vegetation history, Holocene, East Asia, marine bottom sediments, Quercus, пыльца, история растительности, голоцен, Восточная Азия, морские донные отложения

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